Nouns

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Examples: 
Sarah, lady, cat, New York, Canada, room, school, football, reading.

A noun is a word that names a person, a place or a thing.
The word "noun" comes from the Latin word nomen which means "name," and nouns are indeed how we name people, places and things.

Abstract Nouns
An abstract noun is a noun that names an idea, not a physical thing.
Love is an abstract noun.
Examples: Hope, interest, peace, ability, success, knowledge, trouble.

Concrete Nouns
A concrete noun is a noun that names a physical thing.
House is a concrete noun.
Examples:
Boy, table, floor, coffee, beach, king, rain, children, professor.

Common Nouns
A common noun is a noun that names a general thing, not a specific thing.
Cat is a common noun.
Examples: Boy, girl, city, country, company, planet, location, war.

Proper Nouns
A proper noun is a noun that indicates the specific name of a thing. It begins with a capital letter.
Mabel (this cat's name) is a proper noun
Examples: Robin, Alice, London, Sweden, Google, Earth, Eiffel Tower, Civil War.

Countable Nouns
A countable noun is a noun that indicates something you could actually count.

Cup is a countable noun.
For example, you could count pigs: one pig, two pigs, three pigs...
However, you couldn't count water: one water, two water – no, it doesn't work...

A countable noun has both a singular and a plural form, and it can be used with the indefinite articles (a/an).
Examples: Window, teacher, tree, lion, eye, cloud, pencil, heart, movie.

Uncountable Nouns
An uncountable noun is a noun that indicates something you cannot count.

Water is an uncountable noun.
For example, you could count pigs: one pig, two pigs, three pigs...
However, you couldn't count water: one water, two water – no, it doesn't work...

An uncountable noun has only one form (no plural), and it cannot be used with the indefinite articles (a/an).

Examples: Furniture, advice, mail, news, equipment, luggage, work, coffee, information.

Examples sentences: 

People like to go to the beach.
Emma passed the test.
My parents are traveling to Japan next month.